Hirschsprung Disease In Infants can easily be noticed because newborns are almost always fail to pass their first stool within 48 hours after the birth. However, constipation is not the only symptom that appears in newborns with Hirschsprung’s Disease because there are many newborns and children with the same problem but turns out to be healthy. Keep reading to find out more about the symptoms and the available treatment.
Before birth, a healthy fetus’s nerve cells normally grow all along the intestines towards the anus, but not with newborns with Hirschsprung’s Disease.
For unknown reasons, their nerve cells stop growing. The lack of nerve cells is the primary reason why digested materials cannot be passed along easily – over time, depending on the severity of the disease, bowel movement becomes increasingly more difficult and if it initially only slowed down the movement, over time it will stop completely.
When newborns fail to pass the stools, there will be a build-up in the form of a hard-mass. This is what makes it dangerous, not only is it painful, it is also life threatening as it blocks the newborn’s large intestine.
As it has already been stated, the underlying cause of Hirschsprung’s disease remains a mystery. Other than the fact that it happens due to the lack of nerve cells.
Researches used to think the cause of the lack of nerve cells were related to the mother’s lifestyle during pregnancy especially during the developmental stage – however this has been debunked. There is no correlation between the expecting mother’s lifestyle during pregnancy and the growth failure of fetus’ nerve cells.
How to avoid and available treatment
I am sure by now many expecting mothers who are reading this article is worried about their unborn baby and is wondering whether there are things they can do to avoid this from happening to their bundle of joy. Sadly, nothing can be done. Even with the current technology and medical advances we have now, we still cannot detect whether our unborn baby is developing the anomaly in our womb.
It does not mean it is the end of the world if your unborn baby turns out to be born with such defect. Hirschsprung Disease In Infants can be diagnosed after birth and can be quickly treated with surgery in which the surgeon will get rid of the parts where it lacks said nerve cells, and reattach it to the healthy part of the intestine.